New Education Policy 2020: Key Highlights, From Single Higher Education Regulator to revised structure of K12 

Education policy

On July 29, 2020 The New Education Policy (NEP) was launched by Union Cabinet, it has aimed several changes in the Indian Education System. On Wednesday Prime Minister Narendra Modi gratefully appreciated and welcomed the decision of Union Cabinet’s approval on NEP 2020.

Narendra Modi believes the New Education Policy will transform the India into the knowledge hub. NEP 2020 has aimed for the large scale transformation reform for both school and college education. The Cabinet briefing was given by Union Ministers Prakash Javadekar and Ramesh Pokhriyal Nishank.

New National Education Policy 2020: Higher Education Key Highlights

The Major Reforms for Higher Education will be:

  • By 2035, 50% Gross Enrolment Ration
  • There will be Multiple Entry/Exit
  • UG Programme to be of 3 or 4 years
  • PG Programme to be of 1 or 2 years
  • There will be Holistic and Multidisciplinary Education Flexibility of the Subjects.
  • Discontinuation of M Phil
  • There will integrated 5 year bachelor’s/Masters
  • Credit Transfer and Academic Bank of Credits
  • HEIs- Research Intensive/ Teaching Intensive Universities and Autonomous Degree Granting College
  • Model Multidisciplinary Education and Research University ( MERU )
  • The present Education Policy was adopted in 1986 which have been continued till date that is for last 34 years
  • The country got the education policy after 34 years

New National Education Policy 2020: School Education Key Highlights

As decided by State and Local Communities, there be sampling of vocational crafts during grade 6 to 8 such as crafting, carpentry, electric work, metal work, gardening, pottery making, etc.

The Major Reforms for School education will be:

~Instead of rote learning, Board exams will test the actual knowledge and will surely be low stakes.

~The medium of instruction till 5th grade will be the mother tongue as it will make the students understand smoothly and undoubtedly.

~This an excellent reform as instead of just marks and statements,Report cards will be a overarching and all-inclusive report on skills and capabilities.

~The basic literature and numeracy will be the most important and National mission to be focused on.

~With the no inflexible detachment and separation between the streams there will be major changes in the academic structure of curriculum.

NEP 2020: School complexes to be used for adult education courses after school hours

The School complexes and Library space’s to be used after school hours for the adult education courses, if possible will be ICT equipped for the engagement of community.

According to decision of Cabinet, the maximum usage of availability to be made and also the maximum activities and courses regarding Adult Education.

NEP 2020: More focus on vocational studies in school- level

Vocational education from Class 6: This is an excellent move. The world has changed and the country has changed. Most of the people (Even in IITs) search for a job that has requirements that they have not studied for their degree. This had to change. I am glad that somebody thought over this.

Internship: Internships will give students good insights into how different organizations and the world in general operate. This is good and hopefully helps in eliminating the pampered “Raja Beta” and “Gudiya Beti” culture. This will prepare the students for their jobs and most importantly if they have the ambition to set up their own businesses in the future.

Multiple languages option: Learning new languages has multiple advantages. It broadens the mind. Learning Indian regional languages promotes national integrity. Learning an appropriate language is good for Job’s purposes also. This is more true in the case of international languages.

As been decided the students should learn at least one vocation and try to focus and concentrate on several more. Vocational course virtual mode has also been made compulsory.

As said earlier compulsory sampling of vocational crafts for grade 6-8, also a 10 days bag-less period will be given to students so that they can intern with the local vocational experts such as carpenters, artists, gardener’s etc.

By 2025, the students of school as well as higher education at-least 50% of them will have the exposure to the vocational education and activities.

Also for the students of grade 6-12 to learn vocational education, similar internships will be provided to get the brief exposure to the vocational studies.

Comparison of old and new education policy

The old education system (if we can call that) was designed for a Socialist India. The old education system was designed after the Industrial Revolution, when factories and offices needed a lot of people and you will spend your whole life doing one thing. For instance, you will spend years studying about accounting so that you will become an accountant for life. Or carpentry, engineering or medicine. One skill, learned for life.

However, technological progress is rendering this workflow irrelevant. You cannot just learn one career path during a 4 year college and expect to do that for 40 years. Career paths change once every 5-7 years for modern workers.

The medium of Education: It has become a fashionable status symbol in India to send kids to English medium schools since childhood. This is a complete farce. This has promoted “ratta mar” education system. Kids can’t even read their fancy books and all the focus is on preparing notebooks and remembering the questions and answers at the end of the chapter. Hence, it is a welcome move to make mother tongue/regional language as a compulsory medium of instruction till Class 5.

Multidisciplinary Education: There is some absurd propaganda that only useful subjects are math & science and we need to study other subjects to just get a degree. To hell with political correctness, this has created a whole dumbed-down generation. When I entered IIT in the first year in 2016, I was surrounded by many people who had no idea about India, it’s people, our constitutional rights, sociological and economic distribution of this great country. I am glad that IIT has 15 credits of compulsory Humanities courses. Students need to explore their interests in History, Political Science, etc. and vise versa.

Benefits of new education policy 2020

1.The policy aims to achieve 100 percent of childhood and adult literacy in India. Also, the government aims to increase the public investment in the education industry from the present 4.3 percent to reach 6 percent of GDP in the first which is recommended by the Kothari Commission.

2. Universalisation from ECCE to Secondary Education by 2030, aligning with SDG4

3. Attaining Foundational Learning & Numeracy Skills through National Mission by 2025

4. 100% GER in Pre-School to Secondary Level by 2030

5. Teachers to be prepared for assessment reforms by 2023

6. Inclusive & Equitable Education System by 2030

7. Board Exams to test core concepts and application of knowledge

8. Every Child will come out of School adept in at least one Skill

9. Common Standards of Learning in Public & Private Schools

What are the pros and cons of NEP 2020

PROS

1.End of an old system.

2.Introduction of skill developments.

3.End of parroting the students.

4.End of importance scoring.

5.Scoring will be replaced by qualities and talent.

6.End of a system which were established to recruit Indians as Clerk of British India.

7.Skill will replace philosophy.

8.Promotes development of Character.

9.No more heavy bags.

10.End of Tution Mafia.

11.Big Big Reform.

CONS

1.It was said by the top scientific bodies in the country that the draft of National Education Policy (NEP) 2019 may involve nicely devised and formulated suggestions but entirely considered it has number of radical commends that could lead to damage the entire structure of the education system instead of improving it.

2.The three topmost academies of science of the country said that the draft policy launched does not make entrancing and spellbinding case for any of the comprehensive modification needed to be carried out to the rudimentary structure of education system in the country.

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