Heart Surgery: Types, Procedure, and Recovery

Heart Surgery

Many people suffer from chronic heart conditions; some of them undergo surgery as a last resort eventually. There are various types of heart surgeries out there; some are far more complex than others, while others involve short procedures and are risk-free. Throughout this article, we will determine various heart surgeries, several techniques involved, and recovery options. Suppose you happen to be in Bangalore and need to undergo surgery. In that case, you can easily find a top heart surgery hospital in Bangalore with fewer costs and state of the art technology.

What is heart bypass surgery?

Heart bypass surgery improves blood flow to your heart mostly if the main arteries are blocked due to the plague or cholesterol deposits. It is a complicated procedure and might take hours to get it right. Mainly an artery or set of routes from various parts of your body is grafted by the surgeon to bypass the damaged arteries in your heart.

Different types of heart bypass surgery

Depending on the blockage of arteries and overall severity of this condition, your doctor might present you with the following types/option;

  • Single bypass
  • Double bypass
  • Triple bypass
  • Quadruple bypass

The risks associated with having a heart attack, heart failure, or other cardiac misconceptions depends on the number of arteries that are currently blocked.

Conditions that support the idea of heart surgery

Not everyone with a heart problem can undergo surgery just like that as certain health factors are to be considered and checked before undergoing surgery. Some medical conditions can complicate surgery, and that is why it is necessary to keep these in check before proceeding with it;

  • Diabetes
  • Emphysema
  • Kidney diseases
  • Peripheral arterial disease

Risks associated with heart surgeries

As it happens, heart surgery is complicated, but the associated risks you need to look out for are far more complex. But with the recent technological advancements, the chances of a successful surgery have been duly increased.

Following are some of the auspicated risks with heart-related surgeries:

  • Bleeding
  • Blood clots
  • Intense chest pain
  • Infection
  • Kidney failure
  • Stroke or a heart attack

How does a surgeon perform heart bypass surgery?

The procedure is quite simple on the patient’s end as all the preparations will be taken care of by the hospital staff and the surgeon. Before the process can start, you will have to change into a hospital-issued gown and undergo proper medication and take a few fluids to help with the surgery. And when the anesthesia has done its part, you will already be asleep and will not endure any pain through the procedure.

Getting the right medical attention in Bangalore

Hospitals in Bangalore have qualified doctors and surgeons who specialize in heart surgery and treating other cardiac issues. The process is as simple as it gets. You will have to get yourself checked first as an experienced doctor realizes the problems you face. The doctors’ team will undergo several tests to determine your current state and what kind of surgery options are available for you.

After a careful evaluation of your body vitals such as; blood glucose levels, blood pressure, and determining other details, you will get a surgery appointment. In case your body doesn’t meet the requirements for heart surgery, you will be kept under supervision at the hospital. After some days, when your body is in the position of bearing a heart surgery, you will get an appointment eventually.

Following are the proper steps performed in heart surgery;

Initial steps

An incision is made on the chest by the surgeon, and the rib cage is pushed apart to expose your heart. Usually, the surgeons would go for the minimally invasive surgery that involves fewer incisions and smaller cuts. In the top heart surgery hospital in Bangalore, you will find all such attention to detail elements.

Connecting with the bypass machine

The next step is that the patient is hooked with the cardiopulmonary machine. It circulates oxygenated blood throughout the body while the surgeon is operating on your heart. Sometimes, it is unnecessary to connect the patient with the device, and surgery is performable without it.


A healthy artery from the leg or hip portion is grafted to bypass the blocked portion of your heart artery. Usually, a bypass like a bridge connecting the two unblocked parts of the route ensures a consistent flow of blood and tackles the blockage.

Final steps

Once the procedure is completed, the patent does not return to consciousness just yet. First, the surgeon duly checks the bypass’s function. If it is working fine, the stitching and bandage come next. After everything is done, the patient will reside in the ICU for a couple of hours to monitor their vitals and heart activity.

If everything checks out, the hospital will discharge the patient. Even after surgery, to ensure your heart’s normal working, you will have to take some medicine prescribed by your physician.


As you come around here, the procedure is quite complicated, and some prerequisites should be taken care of before the surgery is to start. But if you want to avoid heart surgery, then there are a few lifestyle changes that you will have to do, such as eating better, exercising, and keeping stress at arm’s length in all matters of your life.

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